The Fitzpatrick Scale is a numerical classification of skin types.  It was developed in 1975 by Thomas R. Fitzpatrick, a Harvard Dermatologist, as a way to classify the response of different types of skin to ultraviolet (UV) light.

Type I Pale white; blond or red hair, blue eyes, freckles Always burns - Never tans
Type II White, fair; blond or red hair; blue, green or hazel eyes  Usually burns - Minimal tan 
Type III Cream, white; fair with any hair or eye colour, most common  Mild burns - Gradual tan 
Type IV Moderate brown; typical Mediterranean skin tone   Rarely burns - Tans well 
Type V Dark brown; Middle Eastern skin types  Very rarely burns - Tans well 
Type VI Deeply pigmented dark brown to black  Never burns - Tans easily 

The Fitzpatrick Scale is used by many practitioners to determine how someone will respond or react to different kinds of facial treatments or products. 

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